For the past decade, the concept of Open Access has moved, slowly but inexorably, from a theoretical construct to a new operating reality in scholarly research. A robust infrastructure of open journals and digital repositories has been established, supported by a framework of new open licenses and a growing body of institutional, national and international policies. Scholars, at first hesitant to dip their toes into unknown waters, are now embracing Open Access distribution of their work in unprecedented numbers. As this culture change quickens, and Open Access moves towards becoming a norm, expectations are high that this movement will have a visible, positive impact on the conduct and results of research. This talk will explore some of the early indications of this impact, and highlight emerging opportunities to accelerate future progress.
Presented by: Heather Joseph Executive Director, SPARC. SPARC works to expand the global, cost-effective communication of scholarly and scientific research results. As SPARC’s Director since 2005, Heather has focused on supporting emerging publishing models, enabling digital archives, and establishing open access policies on the national and international levels. Prior to joining SPARC, she spent 15 years as a publishing executive in both commercial and notfor- profit publishing organizations. She also founded BioOne, a collaborative publishing organization designed to support non-profit publishers and keep them operating independently from multinational commercial interests.
Open Access Course Materials: A STEM Faculty Perspective(Video)
Science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) challenges in education are fundamentally tied to access for a diverse population and engaging students in their comfort zone. The format and cost of course materials in higher education has had a negative impact on student access to these resources, specifically in the STEM disciplines. With recent innovations, STEM faculty can begin to address both of these important issues by providing high quality, open access course materials. The open access materials empower the faculty to experiment with new pedagogical approaches to engage students and retain them in STEM majors. The presenter will discuss his path to embracing open access practices and discuss the actions the University of Oklahoma is taking to support open access course materials through the One University Digital Initiative.
Presented by: Mark Morvant Executive Director of the Center for Teaching Excellence at the University of Oklahoma. He is charged with increasing the numbers of OU faculty who use new and emerging technologies and high-impact instructional techniques to help drive student success. Dr. Morvant joined the OU faculty in 2006 as an associate professor of chemistry; in 2011, he was named assistant chair of the Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry in the College of Arts and Sciences. In addition to teaching classes and leading labs in organic chemistry, he has taught the First-Year Mentoring Program and developed and leads the conjoined study abroad courses Chemistry in Italy – Organic Chemistry I and Chemistry and Culture of Wine in Italy. While at OU, he has been recognized with the College of Arts and Sciences’ Longmire Prize for Outstanding Teaching and with the Regents’ Award for Superior Teaching.
This presentation will explain how copyright law applies to scholarly publishing. Authors receive copyrights for their articles and routinely transfer these copyrights to publishers, a practice that creates a downstream access problem. Some academic authors have responded to this situation by choosing publishers who permit author self-archiving of their work on the Internet, while others have individually negotiated with publishers to provide for free access to their articles over the Internet. More recently, research funders and university faculties as a group have adopted policies that provide for open access as a term and condition of funding or as a matter of university policy. This talk will explain how these policies are consistent with authors’ rights.
Presented by: Michael Carroll Director, Program on Information Justice & Intellectual Property, American University. Professor Carroll’s research and teaching specialties are intellectual property law and cyberlaw. He is a founding member of Creative Commons, Inc., a global organization providing standardized legal and technical tools that enable legal sharing of cultural, educational, scientific and other copyrighted works. Professor Carroll also is recognized as a leading advocate for open access over the Internet to the research that appears in scholarly and scientific journals.He serves on the National Research Council’s Board on Research Data and Information, is an Academic Fellow of the Center for Democracy and Technology and is a member of the Advisory Board to Public Knowledge.
Challenges of OA Publishing in the Next Frontier: Article-Level Metrics & Research Impact Assessment (Slides | Video)
With the exploding volume of content made freely available through OA, the newest challenge in OA publishing is the evaluation of content for discovery, organization and assessment. The digital environment of today’s research enables the collection and analysis of many more data sources and types than ever before which trace the dissemination and reach of the article itself. Article-level metrics (ALMs) measure these activities at the level of the article and provide a valuable service lacking in traditional metrics: a real-time indicator of impact for research. In addition to the conventional measure of citations, ALMs incorporate altmetrics, newer measures of scholarly interaction based on the social web. Overall, they can provide much-needed new checks and balances, greater speed of feedback and superior relationship mapping and influence tracking, none of which can be replicated by the traditional impact factor. They can form the basis of recommendation and collaborative filtering systems able to power navigation and discovery of articles synchronized to the needs of the researcher, publisher, institutional decision-maker or funder. ALMs also offer new ways for measuring and evaluating research quality and impact in administrative decision-making.
Presented by: Jennifer Lin Product Manager, Public Library of Science (PLoS). Dr. Lin is a product manager at PLoS. She is passionate about open access and its political and social impacts. As a former business consultant with Accenture, she worked with Fortune 500 companies as well as governments to develop and deploy new products and services. Jennifer received her Ph.D. in political philosophy and has served as an instructor at Johns Hopkins University.
Although open access offers an alternative to the traditional publishing model that provides unrestricted internet access to peer-reviewed scholarly articles, it has garnered significant discussion and debate. No longer at the beginning of the open access movement, we now have a decade of experience from which to assess advancements in the open access ecosystem and the work ahead of us to realize the goal of unrestricted internet access to new scholarship. This presentation will focus on the role academic libraries and librarians can play in facilitating/advancing an understanding of open access among faculty and researchers, key partners in accomplishing this transition.
Presented by: Lorraine Haricombe Dean of Libraries, University of Kansas. Dean Haricombe was named the Provost’s Designate for Implementing Open Access following the adoption of the University’s open access policy in 2009 and again in 2010. She is a co-founder of the Coalition of Open Access Policy Institutions (COAPI) in North America and serves on the steering committee of the Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition (SPARC). She has made numerous presentations on the role of libraries in implementing open access. Most recently she co-authored articles on this topic in two journals: Computer: Innovative Technology for Computer Professionals. IEEE Computer Society, (August 2012, pp.70-72), and in the Journal of Library Administration (51, 2011, pp. 557-579).
The scholarly communication problem can be viewed from many perspectives, e.g., the economics of access to research, the ethics for providing access to research as a publiclyfunded public good, or the imperative of using the open Internet as an information superhighway. From a faculty perspective the matter is fraught by the transition from beloved traditional formats to open communication in electronic formats, a new and sometimes bewildering new frontier. The presentation demonstrates that open access is on balance a boon to scholars, as it connects research to the widest possible range of readers, the central goal of scholarly communication, and gives them unprecedented control over the dissemination of their research production. Faculty can enjoy far greater visibility, richer interaction with readers, and higher impact for their research by using the tools that open access provides. Faculty leaders—deans, chairs, and directors—will find that open access provides useful means for capturing faculty research impact and productivity indicators, which in turn helps them illustrate their faculty’s contributions in response to external queries.
Presented by: Marc Greenberg Chairman of the Department of Germanic Languages & Literature, University of Kansas. Professor Greenberg has been active in shaping and implementing the KU Open Access Policy. He has edited two journals, Slovenski jezi / Slovene Linguistic Studies and Slavia Centralis, which appear in parallel print and open-access formats. He has given talks on open access for faculty in the US and Europe as well as written on the topic for newspapers in the US and abroad.
The panelists will discuss the impact of open access on the major research universities within Oklahoma and the implications for research within the state. The conversation will be framed within the context of the national research landscape and directives from funding and governing agencies. The panelists will explore opportunities to move forward with open access initiatives within Oklahoma, especially as these initiatives relate to open access data.
Presented by: Kelvin Droegemeier Vice President for Research, University of Oklahoma. Dr. Droegemeier joined the University of Oklahoma in September 1985 as an Assistant Professor of Meteorology and has served as the Vice President of Research since 2009. He was co-founder in 1989 of the NSF Science and Technology Center (STC) for Analysis and Prediction of Storms (CAPS). In 2003, Dr. Droegemeier co-founded the NSF Engineering Research Center for Collaborative Adaptive Sensing of the Atmosphere (CASA) and served for several years as its deputy director. In 2004, Dr. Droegemeier was appointed by President George W. Bush to the National Science Board, the governing body of the National Science Foundation that also provides science policy guidance to the Congress and President and was appointed to a second term in 2010 by President Barack Obama. In 2012, he was elected for a two-year term as Vice-Chairman of the National Science Board. Dr. Droegemeier presently serves on Oklahoma Governor Mary Fallin’s Science and Technology Council and chairs the Sub-Committee on Academic Research and Development. Dr. Droegemeier is a national leader in the creation of partnerships among academia, government and industry.
Presented by: Jerry R. Malayer Associate Dean for Research & Graduate Education in the Center for Veterinary Health Sciences, Oklahoma State University. Dr. Malayer is a member of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, National Council of University Research Administrators (NCURA), the Society for the Study of Reproduction, Sigma Xi, and Phi Zeta, the Honor Society of Veterinary Medicine; he has served on Editorial Boards for two journals, and been a scientific reviewer for numerous professional journals and funding agencies including the National Science Foundation, Department of Homeland Security, and the USDA. Dr. Malayer was recently appointed by the Governor of the State of Oklahoma to the Oklahoma Science and Technology Council and reappointed to the Health Research Committee of the Oklahoma Center for the Advancement of Science and Technology. He is currently Chair of the Research Committee of the Association of American Veterinary Medical Colleges; State Director for Oklahoma EPSCoR and a member of the IDEA/EPSCoR Foundation Board of Directors. Dr. Malayer has been the recipient of the Pfizer Animal Health Award for Research Excellence, the Oklahoma A&M Regent’s Distinguished Research Award, and the Oklahoma State University Graduate and Professional Student Association Award for Excellence in graduate student mentoring. In 2006, he was selected for the American Council on Education Fellows Program, the nation’s premier higher education leadership development program.
To learn more about open access initiatives at OU, please contact Karen Rupp-Serrano, Director of Collection Development and Scholarly Communication.